Types of combs
The luxurious shine and healthy strength of our curls depend on proper nutrition and high-quality systematic care. A significant role in this is also provided by the correctly selected comb, which is also necessary for regular drying with a hairdryer, for uniform coloring, for winding curls, for stylish evening styling, and for gentle unraveling of wet or fluffy locks, and even for banal morning combing. Moreover, the type of comb for each individual type of care needs a special one. Learning to understand all their diversity and choose the right type, length and thickness of hair is not so difficult. And the best clue here is the comb itself, or rather, its appearance.
Types and application
All types of combs can be classified according to three parameters: material, shape and functionality. Although there are peculiar instances - tiny combs for eyebrows and mini-brushings for eyelashes, graceful combs for mustaches and beards and combs with mustaches for hair extensions, soft massages for stroking the scalp and gentle brushes for babies. Moreover, the design of the comb is the tenth matter. The main thing is its excellent quality and compliance with the purpose.
Quality wooden combs easy to identify by smooth handle without nicks and cracks and pleasant aroma. They will not smell like varnish, not glue and not a rubberized base for the comb, but that tree of which they are made: sandalwood, cherry, ash, juniper, beech, pine, oak, bamboo, peach or birch. The teeth are usually also made of wood or of natural bristles (for example, horse or boar), which is very effective in untangling medium-length hair and is ideal for thin and brittle, but combing thick and thick is no longer possible for it, and for long curls it also not suitable. And yet, combs made of wood are loved by many for their aesthetics, reliability, environmental friendliness, and also because they do not electrify strands at all. However, they are not used in hairdressing salons, since it is impossible to process as required by sanitary standards.
Metal combs Durable, practical and completely non-electrifying. Good for short haircuts, dividing hairstyles into strands and untangling long curls. Thinning is convenient for cutting bangs, processing cut ends and thinning thick strands. Metal combs are suitable for hairdressers, as subject to careful processing and very functional. But with misuse of their sharp teeth, you can destroy the hair structure and injure the scalp, because they are contraindicated for combing thin, colored and damaged curls.
Plastic combs usually the most brittle and highly susceptible to static effects, although they are easy to use and maintain, they must be sanitized, suitable for any length and density of hair and are quite affordable. Their design and color incarnation is striking in variety. In addition, it is most often made of plastic that is popular with men for throw-away combs in the form of a knife or butterfly and girls’s favorite combination brushes with a mirror or compact folding massages, which are like a hedgehog with “needles inward”.
Silicone combs they are not subject to static, they do not injure the scalp and hair structure - after combing with them, the strands shine and gently flow. Silicone combs are not afraid of chemicals, because they are used in salons to help curling hair in curlers, as well as for distributing paints, masks, and foam over strands. Silicone combs are perhaps the cheapest of all.
Carbon fiber combs they are usually protected by ceramic spraying, do not require maintenance, retain excellent qualities and a neat appearance for a long time. In hairdressing salons, combs made of carbon and ceramics are used during dyeing or styling with a hairdryer (they are not afraid of chemicals and heating) and graded or very short haircuts (glide through your hair easily and smoothly), as well as for separating and combing strands (without a static effect).
Horn and bone ridges known from the time of the pharaohs and are still justifiably considered the most beautiful, durable and functional. And decorated with filigree ornaments and even complete with a mirror and jewelry - not just a convenient and practical accessory, but also a welcome decoration for the most demanding ladies, and an exquisite collectible. By the way, a handle, a base for a brush, and teeth are cut out from the bones and horns of animals.
In addition, the teeth for combs are made of ebonite (to eliminate the static effect), carbon fiber (to give the hair shine, softness and silkiness without the use of cosmetic products), silicone (for combing curls), nylon (for weakened and thin strands) and natural bristles (for easily untangling thin fluffy and brittle hair and saturating them with creatine). Among the new products - silicone cloves, interspersed with microfiber in the form of soft antennae (to absorb moisture from wet hair).
And for lovers of the beautiful and unique, invented a long time ago painted ceramic, forged bronze and cast silver and gold combs and combs. Those made of precious metals are often in a single copy and decorated with no less precious stones, gems or a monogram of the owner.
Form and purpose
Each hairdresser selects a whole arsenal of stylish and diverse professional combs for work. They always have a clear purpose and are quite expensive, because they are made of first-class materials with comfortable non-slip handles and extremely smooth surfaces. Although in everyday life more than half of them are not used.
In order to independently choose the ones that are exactly needed for daily use, styling, combing or curling, a detailed description of all the varieties of carding tools ever created is not required. It is enough to understand what shape of a comb is for what it is intended.
Crest - a small flat comb with frequent or rare denticles on one or two sides. From natural (wood, bones, horns and shells of animals) or artificial materials (metal alloys, plastic). With an oblong handle, or in the form of a long narrow ponytail, or without it at all. It can be a hard thinning or soft for coloring, as well as a folding part of a men’s favorite folding comb in the shape of a knife or a boomerang. In the form of a scallop, it is slightly curved and is often an adornment of a female hairstyle.
The comb comb is one of the oldest and still relevant. It is irreplaceable when cutting, trimming slices, creating combing and even application of paints, oils, masks and styling products. It is good for combing hair of medium length and short, with rare teeth it perfectly combes and smoothes thick and long, but it is inconvenient for tight curls. A frequent comb is for soft and thin hair, a rare comb is thick and hard. With a knitting needle at the end or with a narrow handle in the shape of a trident or fork - for working with fasteners for hair extensions, separation into locks and creating a parting.
Massage (bombing) - a comb with a long handle and a wide base for a “pillow” with a textile or rubber coating, densely or freely studded with teeth made of wood, metal, plastic or silicone. The standard length of the teeth is -1 or 2 centimeters. The base under them is rectangular with rounded edges or oval in shape, as well as large, small, folding and combined. It varies in degree of elasticity - soft, medium, hard.
Good old anti-stress massage is in almost every house. Its name eloquently hints at its true purpose - to invariably enjoy the pleasant process of stimulating blood circulation during gentle, massaging the skin, unraveling, delicious combing, diligent smoothing and brilliant polishing of strands of any length, density and structure. One drawback is that, together with bliss and goosebumps, evenly distributes sebum over itself and hair, which means they will have to be washed more often, and the massage should also be disinfected.
Brush comb differs from the usual massage in the presence of natural (horse, pork or wild boar) or synthetic bristles, which densely and gently replaces rare and hard teeth.
A brush, as its name implies, is good at combing and smoothing strands. It requires the same thorough care as a massage. Suitable for thin straight and easily confused strands, but completely unsuitable for thick, hard and curly - the bristles of even the wildest wild boar in the world will not comb them.
The foundation skeletal comb with a long semicircular handle, it is made in the form of a flat or wallpaper-convex base with equally large or identical holes in it and with dense bristles or rare spikes of different lengths attached on one or both sides, between which hot air from the hair dryer freely circulates. It earned its nickname "fish bone" because of its resemblance to the gnawed skeleton of fish. It is also referred to as purge thermobrashing.
Good for drying and creating volume at the roots, as well as for gentle unraveling of curls. Not suitable for sophisticated styling, requiring careful study and polishing with an iron or pulling with tongs. But for a quick and slightly careless - just a godsend. As well as for combing short haircuts or fluffy curls of medium length.
A semicircular comb, or nine-row - it was named so because of the semicircle of its base, on which long thick teeth are fixed in 7 or 9 rows, located at a considerable distance from each other.
A semicircular comb easily stretches or twists bangs and short and medium haircuts (bob and bob) can easily be stacked. It comfortably lies in the hand, but from plastic teeth it strongly electrifies strands. And if the cloves are also metal and without balls at the ends, then they noticeably scratch the skin.
Tunnel Comb (narrow brushing) it looks like a long round plastic stick, one half of which is a pen, and the other is like a hedgehog due to attached teeth or tufts of bristles. A well-thought-out design of teeth with protective balls at the ends and a hollow base with many holes for better air circulation allow tunnel combs not to overheat excessively and not to injure skin and hair.
The tunnel comb is ideal for twisting curls and creating an impressive volume at the beginning of hair growth, although it is not always convenient for daily use (long strands cling and get confused). With a small diameter, it is indispensable for winding thin tight curls on medium-long hair and modeling bangs. If you wind a bang under a gentle stream of hair dryer on such a comb and pull it out a little, while slightly lifting it up, it will be fluffy, and if you pull it forward and slightly down - straight.
Cylindrical Comb (brushing) similar to the tunnel, only significantly exceeds its diameter. Perfectly heated ceramics and metal substrates with thin steel, synthetic or combined teeth are good for curling curls along the entire length. And natural brushing bristles wonderfully create a basal volume and twist the ends of the strands in or out.
The diameter of the cylindrical comb is selected to the length of the hair - the shorter it is, the narrower the brushing and the tighter the curls. The density of the bristles is related to the structure of the hair: the thicker the hair, the less and longer the teeth are needed, and vice versa. Luxurious large waves and a noticeable volume will help create large-diameter brushing. It is enough to carefully wind the strands, blow off a hairdryer, carefully release from the comb and wave your head a couple of times - and the magnificent lion's mane is ready.
But such fine brushings in all respects have one significant drawback - it is not easy to keep them clean (especially metal ones): the remains of skin and fat, as well as lost hair and settled dust, are cleaned from their thin bristles with great difficulty even under high pressure.
Comb comb universal, necessary for everyone who has hair. The best incarnations are from carbon or silicone.
Its two-sided blowing base with alternating frequent and rare hard spikes with safety balls at the ends is excellent both in everyday combing and in hot or cold styling.
How to choose
- Thick hair is better combed by different-sized teeth of combined combs.
- For thin fluffy and curly hair there is nothing better than massages with soft natural bristles and wire and plastic teeth are extremely contraindicated.
- Oily hair is best scratched with wooden frequent combs.
- And scallops with widely set teeth or soft massages are suitable for tight curls, brittle or wet strands.
You can learn more about the types of combs from the next video.